The Origin of the Bible's 10 Commandments, Heaven, Hell
If you look critically deep into the Torah and Bible, you'll see there're evidence it had been doctored at different times throughout history- beginning from the times of Moses down to the times of the Roman empire. People had to doctor it for various reasons to suit their need of the day. Example; Rome removed 14 books of the Apocrypha contained in the original scriptures before 1611 AD. Below are some of the books known to have been doctored out of the original scriptures.
(1). The Prayer of Manasses
This work dates from the first century B.C. It was intended to be used in connection with the story of Manasseh's Babylonian captivity (2 Chron. 33). Parts of the Prayer have found their way into Protestant liturgy.
(2). The Song of the Three Holy Children
This addition to the Book of Daniel was written about 100 B.C. and was found inserted in his book, in the third chapter, right after the 23rd verse.
(3). The History of Susanna
This is another 1st century B.C. addition to the book of Daniel. It is generally found prefixed to the book. The purpose of the story is to magnify Daniel's powers and the judgment.
(4). First Esdras
This is the Greek verson of, and in some parts a reconstruction of the canonical Book of Ezra. It was written about 100 B.C. Some of the subject matter added is from the book of Nehemiah.
(5). Second Esdras
This book is an apocalypse, especially chapters 3-14. It is composite in origin, dating from 65 B.C. to 120 A.D. The value of the book lies in the fact that it focuses heavily on the period of Jewish thought surrounding the fall of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. The views it expresses on eschatology are closely allied to the teachingss of the New Testament.
(6). First Maccabees
First Maccabees, written by a Jew in Palestine during the latter part of the 2nd centruy B.C., is perhaps the best historical source on the period from 175 to 135 B.C. Well written, it reveals deep insight into the root causes of the Maccabean rebellion and details the rebellion itself down to the death of Simon in 135 B.C. This book is essential to both Christians and Jews. It gives detailed information relative to Antiochus Epiphanes and his desecration of the Jerusalem Temple, an action which Jesus said would be repeated at the time of the end. The book also contains a wealth of details relative to the Jewish feast of Hannukah (which celebrates the re-dedication of the Temple Antiochus debased). That information is available from no other source, Jewish or otherwise, and without it there would be no Hannukah celebration.
(7). Second Maccabees
Unlike the first Book of the Maccabees, this work is a combination of history and fiction. It seems to be less useful than the first. It is an abridgment of a far more extensive work in existence at the time of its writing in the latter part of the 2nd centruy B.C, It presents information about the period leading up to the rebellion of the Maccabees under Mattathias in Modein and follows it down to 161 B.C.
The Book of Tobit, a work of fiction, was very popular among Jews and early Christians. It is a story of romance and legend from the Jewish Dispersion in Egypt. It was written in the 3rd century B.C., and was based upon two well-known Egyptian stories. The purpose of this book was to teach useful lessons, and at the same time correct some of the then-current superstitions. It features pominently the angel Raphael.
(9). Bel and the Dragon
Written about 100 B.C., this story reveals Daniel's wisdom in exposing the falsehood of idolatry and those who promote it. The book also reveals the existance in Babylon of a dragon-god. Information about this idol is available from no other source, but it is particularly relevant in light of dragon prophecies relative to the last days, scattered throughout the scriptures.
The Book of Judith relates a story of victory won by the chosen people over its enemeies, thanks to the intervention of a woman. It is a legendary tale of a Jewish widow reminiscent of 'Joan of Ark' who succeeds in outwitting and finally slaying a great Assyrian general, thus bringing deliverance to her oppressed people. It was written in Palestine during the latter half of the 2nd centruy B.C., probably by a Pharisee
The greater part of this book was written in the 1st centruy A.D. under the assumed name of Baruch, the private secretary of Jeremiah. The 6th chapter is known as the Epistle of Jeremiah. Both books contain a series of exhortations, encouragements and severe denunciations.
This book, written about 180 B.C., contains proverbs and practical observations of life two centuries before the birth of Christ. The work closely resembles the Wisdom Literature of the Old Testament. It represents one of the most valuable records of early Rabbinical thought. It was translated into Greek in 132 B.C. by a grandson of the author (Jesus ben Sira)
In many respects this is one of the most valuable books of the entire Apocrypha. It was written by a Jew of the Dispersion about 65 B.C. It is similar to the Wisdom Books of the Old Testament. It was written especially to combat the materialistic tendencies of the canonical book of Ecclesiastes. Filled with stunning prophecy and replete with the powerful and spiritual essence of God, this book is also sometimes referred to as the 'Wisdom of Solomon'.
(14). The book of Adam and Eve
This book tells the original creation story before Genesis was written.
(15). The book of Enoch
This book talks about ancient mysticism and fallen angels.
The ancient scriptures had to be doctored for many reasons; some good reasons, some bad reasons. Rome; for instance doctored the bible again to emphasize certain passages to justify slavery, since it owned millions of slaves throughout Europe. When Greece ruled, they also removed some important books from the original scriptures.
Till the late 1800 century, European and American churches and priests still widely held the view that “slavery was ordained by God”. Bible passages were often being quoted to rebellious slaves to remind them to obey their masters, as it was the will of God for them to be enslaved. Popular bible passages used by European slave traders and missionaries include the below:-.
Ephesians 6 5:8 New International Version.
Slaves, obey your earthly masters with respect and fear, and with sincerity of heart, just as you would obey Christ. Obey them not only to win their favor when their eye is on you, but as slaves of Christ, doing the will of God from your heart. Serve wholeheartedly, as if you were serving the Lord, not people, because you know that the Lord will reward each one for whatever good they do, whether they are slave or free.
1 Corinthians 7:20:22 New International Version.
Each person should remain in the situation they were in when God called them. Were you a slave when you were called? Don’t let it trouble you- although if you can gain your freedom, do so. For the one who was a slave when called to faith in the Lord is the Lord’s freed person; similarly, the one who was free when called is Christ’s slave.
Colossians 3 22:25 New International Version.
Slaves, obey your earthly masters in everything; and do it, not only when their eye is on you and to curry their favor, but with sincerity of heart and reverence for the Lord. Whatever you do, work at it with all your heart, as working for the Lord, not for human masters, since you know that you will receive an inheritance from the Lord as a reward. It is the Lord Christ you are serving. Anyone who does wrong will be repaid for their wrongs, and there is no favoritism.
1 Peter 2 18:20 New International Version.
Slaves, in reverent fear of God submit yourselves to your masters, not only to those who are good and considerate, but also to those who are harsh. For it is commendable if someone bears up under the pain of unjust suffering because they are conscious of God. But how is it to your credit if you receive a beating for doing wrong and endure it? But if you suffer for doing good and you endure it, this is commendable before God.
Rome colonized almost entire Europe and up to the Mediterranean region, at some point at about 117 AD they even colonized part of North Africa. They owned millions of slaves and had to protect their business by making the above additions, since religion was and is still used to control the mind of the populace. Above is an addition to the bible by Rome, it was never in the bible before the rise of Rome. So, they rightly call it the new testament.
The old testament part of the bible is made up of ancient African history, spirituality and philosophy of mostly Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan- formerly called Kemet.
Example; ancient Egypt had lot of reverence for the dead. Before someone dies he/she was supposed to renounce certain sins claiming they didn't commit them. This way the god of justice would declare them righteous, without sin, and their spirit would then proceed to live again in the after-life.
They also had a principle called Maat. Maat was the ancient Egyptian concept of truth, balance, order, harmony, law, morality, and justice. Maat was personified as a goddess regulating the stars, seasons, and the actions of both mortals and the deities, who set the order of the universe from chaos at the moment of creation.
Maat as a principle was formed to meet the complex needs of the Egyptian state that embraced diverse peoples with conflicting interests.
The development of such rules sought to avert chaos and it became the basis of Egyptian law. From an early period the Pharoah would describe himself as the "Lord of Maat" who decreed with his mouth the Maat he conceived in his heart.
The significance of Maat developed to the point that it embraced all aspects of existence, including the basic equilibrium of the universe, the relationship between constituent parts, the cycle of the seasons, heavenly movements, religious observations and fair dealings, honesty and truthfulness in social interactions.
The ancient Egyptians had a deep conviction of an underlying holiness and unity within the universe. Cosmic harmony was achieved by correct public and ritual life. Any disturbance in cosmic harmony could have consequences for the individual as well as the state.
Maat was the spirit in which justice was applied rather than a legal document. It represented the normal and basic values that formed the backdrop for the application of justice that had to be carried out in the spirit of truth and fairness.
In the principle of Maat, ancient Egypt had certain renounciations that a person was supposed to make at the time of judgement, after death. The renounciations are contained in what Europeans later called the book of the dead. However, it wasn't called the book of the dead in Egypt, but it was list of confessions someone had to make in the affirmative confirming they lived their lives well. It was written on papyrus (ancient type of paper) and buried together with the person who made the renounciations. See some examples below.
(1). I have not committed sin.
This video is an animated explanation of ancient Egypt's concept of Maat and judgement after death
This video throws more light on the book of the dead- the basis for the world's religions concept of judgement after death, heaven and hell